What is Malware?
If your company depends on computers this information is for you
Maintaining Cybersecurity is very important, when it comes to preserving the equipment of your business or company. Important companies such as Google, Facebook and Yahoo have been victims of various attacks and theft of data to their users and that is why in Péndulo Software we will dedicate ourselves to explain everything related to this type of malicious software.
Malware or malicious software is a type of software that infiltrates your computer or server, without your consent, in order to damage the information system of the device. In other words, it is a program created with the intention of damaging your computer, SmarTV, smartphone, among others, with the aim of stealing information, without the consent of the owner of the device. Today, computer attacks are very common, so it leaves us as a lesson that, we must give great importance to the care and maintenance of our devices.
What does Malware do?
Malware’s main function is to damage your device to obtain information, hijack your computer, or extract data from the system without your consent. However, its operation varies, according to each file, so it is pertinent that you are also informed with us about the types of malicious software.
But first of all, let us anticipate you that based on their function, these can also attack any device, and with this we mean that your cell phone, SmarTV, smartwatch, smart appliances and others can be attacked by this malicious software.
In summary, malicious software has different ways of affecting your devices, below, we have prepared for you a list of the things they usually do:
- They stop your computer from working.
- They compile and store your private information.
- They impersonate your identity, in order to use it as a reliable means to send false messages and spam.
- They extract information from your private computer systems.
In general, the term Malware is employed to name different types of computer threats or hostile software, so do not despair, because below we will reveal a long list.
Let’s start with the Virus, which also adheres to the biological definition that we all know. This type of malicious software is a microorganism that infiltrates your computer through contaminated files, and in turn these spread without any control in the system, causing severe damage to the functionality of the computer. They usually have the appearance of a file (.exe), that is, an executable file.
Let’s not leave the Trojans behind, which as the Trojan horse, pretend to be genuine software or in other cases, usually hide in a legitimate program. This malicious software acts very discreetly, with the aim of creating doors to obstruct the security of the computer and thus allow the access of other malicious software.
And as if that were not enough, we also explain the spy, observer and calculating Spyware, a malicious software that hides in the shadows of your computer and takes notes of everything you do on the internet and of course your passwords, phone numbers card and your browsing routine.
Computer worms or larvae, are those responsible for infecting entire networks, whether local networks or on the internet, they usually infect a computer and then infect other devices and thus cause evil through computer or cyber networks.
But if you thought this was it, we present you to the hijacker malware, Ransomware. Believe it or not, this is a malicious program that blocks the functions of your computer, and therefore those of your files, in addition to this, it has a habit of threatening to delete everything stored on your computer, if you do not pay the ransom first. This malicious software is so smart that it usually asks for the ransom payment in foreign exchange or cryptocurrencies like bitcoins.
The keylogger is a malicious program that enters your computer and disguises itself in the keystrokes you usually make on your keyboard. This has the objective to extract information from the user without him realizing that he has malicious software hosted on his computer.
Scareware is a malicious program that pretends to be an antivirus, this usually appears as an installation suggestion, based on a fictitious analysis that a virus inhabits your computer, so some users end up buying malicious software unnecessarily.
In online advertising we can also find viruses, and we call these Adware, at first glance it is not malicious software in its entirety, but it is software that can be annoying when displaying advertising in pop-up windows.
There are also Botnets, which are made up of a network of contaminated computers, which in turn follow the orders of a leading computer. This is usually controlled by a Hacker with the aim of consummating various attacks, in order to access and control the central device and all those connected to it.
However, these are not all the viruses that exist, every day technology evolves and the large laboratories that create malicious software are on the lookout to update their mechanisms to attack corporations, whether large or medium-sized.
Recommendations to avoid Malware
The first recommendation to protect your devices from the various attacks of malicious software is that you keep your operating system updated, as well as your browser. Having this ready, you should consider installing an antivirus, preferably a trusted one, however here we leave you a list of the 3 best based on our experience:
Additionally, we recommend that you be very meticulous and cautious when installing programs derived from the Internet, or even those that are on USB storage devices or CDs, since these may contain viruses and by executing them we will be putting the life of our devices at risk. However, this is not enough, you should also be a little suspicious of strange URLs that they send you by mail or by messaging from any social network.
It is important that you always verify the origin of these URLs and compare them with the official ones, in order to determine if they are scams or possible viruses that could harm the life of your electronic device.